Poland: Growth continues

Despite the deep OECD-wide recession, the Polish economy continued to grow in 2009 due to several factors, including: monetary easing; exchange rate depreciation; relatively limited dependence on international trade; a sound banking sector and unleveraged private sector; tax cuts and other fiscal measures; and infrastructure investments linked to EU transfers and the 2012 football championship. Activity is projected to pick up, mainly driven by fixed investment, but to remain well below potential rates for some time. While headline inflation was, until recently, above the official target, it is expected to diminish steadily as economic slack increases. The general government deficit is projected to reach levels that are unprecedented since the beginning of the transition process, but no fiscal consolidation measures have been announced for 2010 by the authorities. The constitutional public debt limit of 60% of GDP is being dealt with mainly through an ambitious privatisation programme. This will nevertheless only delay the much needed consolidation of public finances until 2011. The monetary authorities should refrain from any interest-rate increases unless circumstances change.

©OECD Observer 2010

Economic data

GDP growth: -9.8% Q2/Q1 2020 2020
Consumer price inflation: 1.3% Sep 2020 annual
Trade (G20): -17.7% exp, -16.7% imp, Q2/Q1 2020
Unemployment: 7.3% Sep 2020
Last update: 10 Nov 2020

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