After experiencing its second technical recession in less than three years, the Portuguese economy started to recover in the first half of 2005, driven by exports and private consumption.

Real GDP growth is expected to gain momentum in 2006 and 2007, but is likely to lag the average growth in the euro area, with the economy still operating well below its potential. Unemployment may not start decreasing until late in 2007.

Fiscal consolidation remains the key policy challenge. After a major slippage in 2005 due to strong social expenditure and the cancellation of all one-off measures, the deficit is expected to narrow somewhat over the projection period as a result of higher tax rates, spending freezes and more in-depth reforms on the expenditure side.

Population (000s), 200410 509
Area (000 sq km)92
GDP (Billion USD), 2004167.7
Life expectancy at birth (Women, Men), 2003 80.6, 74.0
Total labour force (000s), 20045 448
Government typeParliamentary Democracy

Indicators% change unless otherwise indicated
GDP growth0.81.01.8
Household savings ratio11.711.711.7
Consumer price index2.12.41.4
Short-term interest rate (%)
Unemployment rate (%)7.57 .87.7
General government financial balance (% GDP)-6.0-4.9-4.6
Current account balance (% GDP)-9.3-9.4-9.1

Source: OECD

© OECD Observer, No. 252/253, November 2005

Economic data

GDP growth: -1.8% Q1 2020/Q4 2019
Consumer price inflation: 0.9% Apr 2020 annual
Trade (G20): -4.3% exp, -3.9% imp, Q1 2020/Q4 2019
Unemployment: 8.4% Apr 2020
Last update: 9 July 2020

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