Take China, which lagged in the field of scientific research only ten years ago. Today it has surpassed France and Germany, grabbing the number two spot in the number of scientific publications written in co-operation with researchers from partner countries. This push towards innovation has been accompanied by a jump in the globalisation of research, as evidenced by a significant increase in the number of co-authorships of scientific publications among countries, especially between China and the United States, and Japan and Canada. Korea has also boosted its R&D funding in the past decade, and now publishes more scientific research than countries such as Sweden, Russia and Turkey.
As scientific disciplines becomes more specialised, researchers in individual countries look to scale up by working with researchers in similar fields around the world.
©OECD Observer No 293 Q4 November 2012