OECD faces a huge challenge of image. You insist that the organisation, known for its in-depth analyses and reliable statistics, aims to represent all relevant economies. Emerging countries, however, cultivate the impression that the OECD, despite its co-operation and development efforts well beyond its membership, is still the voice of "rich nations" only.(115 words)
Can cutting down on sugar subsidies lead to healthier trade competition and trimmer prices? The 2005 European Union market reforms aim to thin EU farmers’ sugar subsidies and cut out obsolete sugar mills. Sugar Policy Reform in the European Union and in World Sugar Markets maps out how this might work.(327 words)
Child poverty warning; Economy; Soundbites; Slower development aid?; Japan rebuilds; Tax burden on the rise; Estonia joins the OECD; Shinier steel outlook; Cities under-served by carbon markets; Brazil and India sign OECD chemical accord; Corruption: governments warned; Plus ça change...(1520 words)
One of the main challenges for the future will undoubtedly be the migration of a highly skilled workforce from Asia (see for instance, “Globalisation and Labour Markets: Policy Issues Arising from the Emergence of China and India”, OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Paper No 63, November 2007, www.oecd.org/migration).(258 words)
Innovation has played a modest role in explaining growth in both China and India in recent years, but both countries have work to do to sustain their promising growth paths. Moreover, there are important differences between the respective challenges that each country faces.(1483 words)
Announcements about enlarging the OECD’s membership and strengthening co-operation with other countries took much of the limelight at this year’s annual ministerial meeting. Below is an extract on enlargement from the Chair’s summary, followed by some selected highlights of the meeting.(969 words)
The global economy is into its fifth year of growth. The expansion enjoyed in the OECD area has benefited from the dynamism of large non-member economies, especially in Asia. Globalisation has helped these countries raise living standards and reduce poverty. Indeed, the participation of China, India and other non-OECD nations in global economic flows has been increasing at a remarkable pace, now representing around half of total world GDP (measured by purchasing power parities), about 40% of world exports and nearly half of the world’s energy consumption. They have become massive outward investors, too.(792 words)
League tables of competitiveness give an easily comparable ranking of the global economic performance, but they leave underlying questions unanswered. Why are the “poor” countries four times less productive than the “rich” ones, for instance? And what do these rankings say about the role of human capital, or financial markets or physical infrastructure?(243 words)
Could nuclear fusion solve the world’s future energy problems? Scientists believe it could. Experiments have been taking place for years to show how a fusion reaction, rather than splitting a nucleus in the way fission does, forces two atomic nuclei together to form heavier ones. That process releases energy.(432 words)
An assessment of India’s short-term economic prospects appears for the first time in the latest OECD Economic Outlook, so adding to the coverage in this report of key non-OECD economies Brazil, China and the Russian Federation. India has been one of the most rapidly growing economies in the world over the past five years. Nonetheless, with a slightly lower population than China and significantly lower average incomes, the economy is only half the size of China’s, though double that of Brazil and Russia.(791 words)
Where are we in the current economic crisis?
- Clinical trials for better health policies
- Asia’s Challenges
- Women in work: The Norwegian experience
- The EU fish discard ban: Where’s the catch?
- Information society: Which way now?
- Policy can brighten the economic outlook
- How to get it right
- Interns are workers, too
- It’s all about people
- Time for an energy [r]evolution